The word “Reformed” means “a return from wrong to right.” It refers to the 16th century Protestant Reformation, which began on October 31, 1517, when a German monk named Martin Luther nailed 95 Theses on Indulgences to the bulletin board on the door of the Castle church in Wittenberg, Germany. This marks the beginning of the church’s return to the Bible as the supreme authority and its gospel of salvation by grace alone, through faith alone, in Christ alone (Galatians 2:16; Ephesians 2:8-9).
The Reformed Faith is summarized by five basic truths:
Scripture alone: is the ultimate authority for faith and life (2 Tim. 3:16-17).
Grace alone: eternal life is a gift of God’s grace alone, not of works (Eph. 2:8-9). We believers “God made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins” (Eph. 2:1).
Faith alone: “a man is justified by faith apart from the deeds of the law” (Rom. 3:28). Faith in Christ produces a sanctified life of good works out of thankfulness for salvation (Rom. 3:31; Eph. 2:10).
Christ alone: is the only Mediator between God and Man, and the only Priest we need. His one sacrifice on the cross fully paid the penalty for sin, leaving no penalty for us to pay (John 19:30; Acts 20:28; 1 Tim. 2:5; Heb. 7:27).
Glory to God alone: God alone deserves all the glory and credit for our salvation (Rom. 11:33). Jesus said to His disciples, “You did not choose Me, but I chose you” (John 15:16)
Lots of great content at Ligonier Ministries.